8.6 Once the claims have been signed, good management means focusing not only on meeting the specific obligations of the claims, but also on measurable results in the area of the objectives. The Northwest Territories Land and Resources Devolution Agreement was signed on June 25, 2013. This agreement transferred responsibility for the public management of land, water and resources in the Northwest Territories on April 1, 2014, from the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) to the GNWT. 8.14 In Yukon, the federal and territorial governments and 8 of Yukon`s 14 First Nations have concluded fonal claims and self-government agreements. In the Northwest Territories, 4 of the 7 Aboriginal groups have made land claims. One of them, the Tlicho Claim agreement, involves a self-management agreement. Self-management agreements are also being negotiated in the Deline and Beaufort Sea-Mackenzie Delta regions. In the eastern Arctic, Inuit signed a historic agreement on fonal claims that led to the creation of the new territory of Nunavut. In short, by reassessing the way the North is governed, Canadian political construction has changed considerably in less than a generation. 8.85 About 70 years ago, the last time there was such a significant transfer of responsibility for land and water resources. At the time, the federal government transferred similar jurisdiction to the prairie provinces. The department is now conducting a similar exercise in the Northwest Territories.

We expect the Department to assess the implementation of the Yukon transfer to improve the process. We understand that it provides for such an exercise. 8.40 The arbitration bodies did not examine the disputes. Fonal claim agreements have created arbitration bodies to settle such differences. The agreements establish that the decisions of these bodies are binding. They provide for the right to appeal, but only by a court. For the Nunavut agreement, this can only be done if “the principles of natural justice are not respected or if the body acts elsewhere beyond its jurisdiction or refuses to exercise its jurisdiction.” The Gwich`in Agreement can only be appealed if the arbitrator(s) have a legal principle or exceed their jurisdiction. No no. The federal government will retain ownership of offshore resources. However, the agreement in principle requires Canada to negotiate the sharing of revenues from offshore resources within 60 days of signing a final decentralization agreement with N.W.T. 8.1 The signing of a land rights agreement is a great success.

Subsequent administration is an ongoing challenge that requires the cooperation of all parties to the agreement. This collaboration must begin with indian and northern affairs canada (INAC) playing a leading role in taking the claims into account. It must also manage the federal powers defined in the agreements in order to achieve results. We found that with respect to the two claims we examined, the Gwich`in in the Northwest Territories (NWT) and the Inuit in Nunavut, INAC`s performance left considerable room for improvement in both areas. The decentralization agreement currently being negotiated transfers control of public lands and resources to the N.W.T. The region will make resource development decisions and retain 50% of resources up to an annual ceiling of approximately $60 million. . . .